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Vehicle fuel cell industry high-profile
amaliee
beknowledge

Vehicle fuel cell industry high-profile


With crude oil prices continue upward trend of the market, vehicle fuel is facing tremendous cost pressures, while car burning gasoline, diesel fuel caused by environmental pollution, but also attracts worldwide attention. Like this kind of problem, a time for alternative fuel vehicle research and development, attaches great importance to the industry to become a hot topic, but also as to their application and promotion of accelerated pace.


Alternative fuel vehicle is defined in addition to a variety of gasoline and diesel fuel, for now, this type of alternative fuel vehicle, including liquefied petroleum gas, natural gas, methanol, ethanol, ethers, biomass diesel, hydrogen fuel, fuel batteries. Throughout all these alternative fuel vehicle, in addition to hydrogen fuel cells, other alternative fuel vehicles, there are various limitations or drawbacks, and restricts their application.


However, hydrogen and fuel cell vehicles using such alternative fuels, because of its unique advantages, much the people's attention. Such as hydrogen, which can be prepared through fossil fuels outside, but also by biomass, wind, solar, water energy and other renewable energy sources or nuclear energy conversion from. We are easy to get sex from their energy, renewable, and safety and environmental protection point of view, is the other alternative fuel vehicles can not match. Hydrogen as the carrier body can gradually replace oil is that people's "post-oil era" mobile energy solutions. The hydrogen fuel cell is ideal for conversion device, is the key to the use of hydrogen energy technologies. Therefore, the fuel cell will in the future in its absolute advantage in the development of alternative fuel vehicles have sprung up everywhere.


Over the past decade, the fuel cell industry was the world's attention, the technology has been rapid development of industrial scale is increasingly expanding. According to the survey in 2005, the global fuel cell applications has reached 14,500, compared to a 32% increase in 2004, at the same time, promote the use of fuel cells worldwide has been the rapid growth of hydrogen fuel stations have also continued to increase. With the declining cost of fuel cells and technical maturity increases, expected around 2010, the price of fuel cells will have the ability to compete with internal combustion engines. By then, the U.S. market for fuel cell-powered vehicles will account for 4% of the U.S. car market share of fuel cell vehicles in Japan and Western Europe will be a market share of 4.5% and 3.7% in 2020, fuel cell vehicles will account for 25% of the world auto market. Currently, the fuel cell vehicle market, although not large, the United States in 2002 is 225 million, but after five years, average annual growth rate of 84% in 2007 to reach $ 47.6 million. Vehicle fuel cell component market is currently $ 120 million, but the next five years, is expected to average annual growth rate of 91%. It is predicted that the global automotive fuel cell market will grow from $ 600 million in 2008 to 2013 $ 10 billion.


For a long time, China's fuel cell industry by the country's attention from the "95", "15" and now the "Eleventh Five-Year", every year significant spending on research and development work related. After years of development, China in the field of fuel cell technology level has increased dramatically, with almost the same abroad, which laid the fuel cell industry, the future of our business process foundation. Constraints has been the commercialization of fuel cells is the biggest impediment to the process cost. As the main vehicle fuel cell proton exchange membrane fuel cells, although its overall thermal efficiency of up to 80%, but due to hydrogen generation, storage, storage, transportation and filling or re-engineering, are more complex, the security requirements are high, making Jianzhan costs, affecting the rapid distribution of hydrogen fuel stations, which restricted the promotion of fuel cell vehicles; Second, the proton exchange membrane fuel cells require platinum as a precious metal catalyst, while platinum costs stay high, some extent hindered the commercial application process. But with the rising level of industrial technology, the cost of restricting the fuel cell industry has been gradually alleviated the bottleneck. At present, Shanghai divine power to run its self-developed pressure fuel cell technology advantages and Suzhou King Long United launched hydrogen fuel cell buses imported cars cost only 1 / 5, greatly reduce the cost pressures, and promote China's fuel cell vehicle development.


More importantly, the commercialization of fuel cell market intervention model to promote the initial formation, will be mainly to buses and government vehicles as a starting point, through government procurement, to accelerate market-driven and application. Cut into the market using the bus, the main bus taking into account not only can greatly improve the efficient use of the car load, but also minimizes the cost of hydrogen refueling station distribution problems, as the rational use of government vehicles are mainly government support policies. Not long ago, the National Development and Reform Commission issued Notice No. 29 of 2008, the publication of the first batch of 164 cars by the examination and approval of the list, a change in the car before the new energy situation only hybrid cars, Shanghai Volkswagen's a fuel cell car among them, which gives the fuel cell industry has brought new light, no doubt, will be the industry pay more attention.


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